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The dentist is the professional responsible for maintaining health and curing the alterations may have in the mouth and teeth. A positive attitude in parents and a visit before the onset of dental problems and provide confidence about the child in the dental office.

1. Rules to follow to good oral hygiene:

- Compliance with appointments.
- Take care of your oral hygiene.
- Wash your equipment with soap and cold water
- Avoid eating sweets between meals.
- The first day is normal to have loose teeth and lips
- Irritated. Use wax to protect them.
- Visit your dentist regularly for prophylaxis, sealants, fluoride
- And control of caries.
- Do not hesitate to change your oral hygiene tools
- Do not wrap the equipment in napkins, and do not play with them.

2. Careful food and sport:

• Do not eat hard foods, or roasted.
Do not consume whole fruits
• Watch out for
sticky foods.
When you use your shield sport. Take care always your brackets.
Removable appliances should be placed as recommended
It should be washed daily with soap and cold water.
• Do not
put in napkins, have them always at the controls.
Store your equipment in a box when not in use.

3. bad habits

These habits hurt the correct position of your teeth and delay treatment.

• Sucking fingers
Biting objects
• Eating nails

4. Sensitive teeth: causes, remedies and prevention

If when you take hot tea or eat some ice cream feel pain or discomfort in your strong teeth, you may have a problem known as sensitive teeth. Believe it or not, is a very common problem, which can become a hindrance at all pleasant to enjoy food, as frequent changes of temperature in food will make it impossible to enjoy the moment so nice to eat.

No can do some things to help address and prevent this condition. But first you need to know the causes of this so you can avoid them.

a) What causes teeth to become sensitive?

One reason is that part of the tooth you can see is covered with a layer of enamel that protects the dentin. It is when the enamel is lost or corroded, or thins the dentin is exposed, and the tooth becomes sensitive. Dentin can be lost or wear for several reasons:

• A toothbrush abrasion or harsh bristles.
• An aggressive brushing or too hard.
• Brushing vigorously sweeping back and forth the tooth.
• Teeth grinding: This is a habit where the teeth are cut with frequency, which can cause the enamel to wear, making the teeth sensitive.
• Poor oral hygiene causes tooth erosion.
• dental erosion caused by loss of enamel due to aggressive substances such as sugar, soft drinks, acidic, acidic foods, chewing gum, etc..
• Recession of the gums when gums recede can leave exposed tooth roots, and these may be more sensitive.
• Gum disease: the accumulation of plaque and tartar on teeth can cause gum problems affecting the tooth sensitivity. This can happen especially when chewing gum and pushes the plaque to the gums, which could even destroy the bone supporting the teeth, forming pockets in the gums around the teeth, causing the area is hard to remove and cause gum disease.

b) Other causes of tooth sensitivity:

• Brushing and Hygiene: The first is to maintain effective oral hygiene. You need to learn how a good brushing, not much pressure is exerted on the teeth without neglecting these remain very clean, free of plaque and food. We recommend using electric toothbrushes, which helps remove plaque with a suitable pressure.

• Healthy Gums: it is a must to prevent tooth sensitivity. To avoid back and keep them in good condition, you should give them a soft brush every time you brush your teeth. A very favorable choice is spreading a little water with lemon drops on the gums. Believe it or not, lemon is an excellent tonic for healthy teeth and gums. Instead of mouthwash, add a few drops of lemon juice to a cup of water and rinse your mouth. If the lemon was bad for your teeth, then it could take no food or water lemon with this ingredient. Unquestionably, much more damaging teeth and gums, making soft drinks and sweetened juice or lemon water. Lemon even help prevent tooth decay.

• Gums in place: To help the gums to recede not, reduce the pressure we use to brush our teeth. For this, you must be very aware when you brush your teeth, do so carefully and with a gentle but firm pressure. It also helps to massage the finger on the gums. Whenever possible, give a circular massage on the gums, gently pushing down.

• Avoid: soft drinks, sweets and sugary drinks. Refined cereal box sold in supermarkets are dynamite to the teeth, as the grain bound usually stays between teeth, even with a very thorough brushing, remove the cereal costs attached. It is best not to eat them, especially not letting children consume it daily, as this type of product is really corrosive to the tooth enamel.

• Avoid: grinding teeth or clenching when you feel tense, anxious or nervous.

c). Home remedies for sensitive teeth:

1. Fluoride rinse or fluoride gel, can help decrease the sensitivity especially for those with bad teeth.
2. Keep your teeth clean: dirt on the teeth and gummy substance that builds up in the shape and contours of the teeth produces acid that irritates severely the enamel. At least, brush your teeth 2 times a day, especially after you eat.

3. Do not drink soda or candy suck! If you drink soda or eat candy, cookies, etc.. At least rinse your mouth after you eat them with a little pure water. Avoid chewing gum, which are terrible for your teeth. Floss at least once a day, light passes through between the teeth, do not do it in a hurry to avoid hurting the gums.
4. Stop smoking! Besides all the unfavorable consequences that brings snuff, your teeth suffer a lot with the acids and toxins that you have.

5). Mouthguards

The importance of mouthguards:
To protect your mouth and teeth from serious injury, you should use a mouthguard, which is often a flexible piece of plastic that is inserted into the mouth for all sports or recreational activities, especially activities where there is contact or potential contact with another person, any item of sports equipment or floor
Mouthguards and preventable injuries:

Here are some of the injuries of the teeth, mouth and head, many of which could be prevented with proper and consistent use of a mouthguard:

tooth or teeth dislodged or a blow

broken or chipped tooth

language and / or bitten or lacerated lip

objects caught or stuck between your teeth

fractured jaw

neck injuries

Collision of the jaw - the mandible is trapped within the upper jaw.

a). Types of mouthguards:

There are several types of mouthguards. The following are the two most common:

Prefabricated guards
It's the kind of mouth guard is already made and can be purchased at most sports shops. There are different types and brands. Choose the one that fit better and more comfortable.

custom-made mouthguards
Your child's dentist can make a mouthguard specifically for your teen. Maybe more expensive but are usually more comfortable for the adolescent.

Ask your dentist about the best type of mouthguard.

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